Documents relating to 51 Marygate

The extracts below relate to documents in the Durham University Special Collections (DPRI), the Berwick Guild Books (B/B1 & 2) and a collection of deeds in the Berwick Archives (ZMD 94).

1539/40: Lionel Shotton of Berwick burgess [sells] to Raffe Ferrar, soldier… a tenement or burgage .. in Marygate west… 46 ells long x 8 wide (ZMD 94/26)

1562: Raffe Ferrour holds one tenement [in Marygate] containing in length 30 yards and in breadth 7 ½ yards. It is worth per annum 40 s. He conveieth his title by purchase of Lyonell Shotton by deed dated 3 March 31st Henry VIII, who had it as son and heir of Gawen Shotton, and paieth per annum  VI d. (Ref to Generall Survey 404…)

1562 & later: ‘Thomas Rowgge’ paid £4 each year for the Sergeants’ gowns. (B1/1 f. 102).

1563: Thomas Rugg made freeman the second day of November 1563 for the sum of £13.6s.8d. (B1/1 f. 104).

1567; Rafe Ferrar sells ‘all that his burgage or tenement as it is set, built and standing within the said town of Berwick on the south side of the Market Place now in the tenure and occupation of Leonard Dodd and others, between the tenement of Giles Commyng and Jennet his wife, daughter and heir of William Johns, Gunner, late deceased on the west side, and the tenement of Leonard Trollop in the tenure and occupation of John Sleigh, John Nick[le]son and others on the east side’ to Thomas Rugg for £20 (ZMD 94/27)

1569: party wall dispute between Thomas Rugg and Leonard Trollop, ‘concerning the building up and maintenance of one stone wall or gable between a tenement of the said Thomas Rugg’s on the south side of the Market Place within Berwick aforesaid by the east next adjoining unto the tenement of the said Leonard Trollop on the south side of the market place within Berwick’. The landliners (John Roffe, Master Carpenter of Berwick, Henry Manners, burgess, and William Harrold a Rough Mason) ordered that ‘for all manner of chance of sudden fire (which God forbid) as for the beautifying of the same town and other good considerations… the said Thomas Rugge his heirs and assignees on the good considerations before remembered shall take down the said wall or gable on the west side of the said Leonard Trollop’s tenement adjoining to the tenement of the said Thomas Rugge and shall at his own proper costs and charges build or cause to be  built up again a good wall or gable for to serve the full height and breadth of the house or houses which the said Thomas Rugg, his heirs and assignees shall at any time or times hereafter build or cause to be built the said wall or gable with stone to be set and built upon the ground of the said Leonard Trollop’s tenement perpetually to continue, stand and remain to serve and bear both the said tenement as well of the said Leonard Trollop as of the said Thomas Rugg their heirs and assignees. And the same wall or gable so built to be sufficiently maintained and upheld by the said Leonard Trollop and Thomas Rugg, their heirs and assignees from time to time.’ (ZMD 94/28)

1573: Thomas Rugg died worth £1,321 1s 9d (with account of debts of £368 11s 0d), inventory of wares and household goods (£437 6s 11d) and debts (£776 3s 10d), and the wares sent into Scotland by ‘his man’ Charles Haslopp 17 Oct 1573 (£107 11s), with list of debts owing by the testator at London (£288 1s 10d) and at York (£80 9s 2d and more). (DPRI/1/1573/R4/1-19)

The inventory is 11 pages long. This is a condensed version.

Hundreds of lengths of cloth: including baye, broadcloth, camlet, canvas (including coarse and striped), carsaye, cotton, diaper, frezadoo, grogram, Hampshire, Holland, Kendal freze, rugg (including Kendal rugg), louze, Manchester freze, Millan, motley, Penistone, sackcloth, sarcenet, saye, Scottish harden, Scottish linen, silk, taffeta, velvet, worsted. Colours include black (by far the most popular), ash colour, crimson, flesh colour, frost, frost upon green, gallany colour, golden colour, green, grey, orange, purple, red, russet, rust, sky, tawny, veze, white, yellow.

Also in the shop: a set of painted borders, a long settle, leather jerkins, 11 round caps, 2 womens’ caps, 1 Scotts cap, 3 round silk girdles, 2 waist girdles, 6 sword girdles, 1 doz. red stockings, 1 doz. yellow stockings, 1 gilt dagger, other daggers, 5 doz. bowstrings, I doz. Colonsay socks, 1 doz. Skye socks, 99 pairs of hose, 3 doz. shirts, 2 lb 3 oz. of nails, 1 halberd, 4 stone of rosin, 4 frying pans, 71 gross of various buttons, 11 doz. latten [wooden] spoons, 2 parcels of pointing laces, 1 doz. lute strings, 5 doz. sword crampets [to hold a sword in place], 680 tacketts [hobnails], 17 knives, great & little, 8 cords, 2 gross of hooks and eyes, 2 ropes, 300 shoe buckles, 2 hammers, 2 pairs of pincers, 3 pairs of snuffers, 109 lb. of sugar, 4 lb. of pepper, 1 doz. of annat seed, 5 lb. of ginger, 1 lb. 3oz. of nutmeg, 8 lb. of liquorice, 1 lb. of cinnamon, 1 lb. of cloves, 3 lb. of curtain rings, 6 doz. thimbles, 21 felts [felt hats], 6 felts for women, other hats of many types including 3 lined with velvet, 3 for women, 4 black crowned , 2 velvet , 5 coarse felt, 13 doz. trenchers [wooden plates], 5 doz. earthen pots, 6 lb. of glue, 2 reams of paper, 8 lb. of bombast [cotton padding], 3 pairs trunk hose, 6 bell, 28 locks of various types, 10 pens and inkhorns, ink, 6 sand boxes, 6 purses, 10 brushes and combs, 11 lb. of alum, 26 lb. great spiking nails, 3 pairs of balk & scales [weighing scales], weights, numerous ribbons, lace, including pearly lace, red billament [decorative] lace, statute lace, 3 oz. of Spanish silk, 1 lb. 3 oz. of Colonsay strong silk, 4 lb. of black strong silk, 103 oz. coloured stocking silk, 42 grammars [Latin grammar books], 1 doz. psalm books in metre, 1 book of the abridgement of statutes, 1 book of philosophy, 1 dozen catechisms, 1 gross of catechisms, 3 psalm books in prose, 6 doz. playing cards, 6 doz. and 3 pairs of gloves, 24 pairs of womens’ gloves, and in the cellar 200 fir deals [boards], 120 double spars, 120 rafter boards, 300 paving tiles, 13 salmon barrels and 86 sheep skins. One horse.

‘The House Stuff‘. [The document has no divisions but I have suggested separate rooms or groups of rooms, based on the iron chimneys and what might be fitted into what i known about the house].

[First floor?] 1 counter, 2 chests, 1 chair, 1 bible, 2 harquebuses, 3 old daggers, 1 basin and ewer, 6 porringers, 3 platters, 3 flower pots [Do not appear in any other inventories except Charles Haslop who had 2 – left to him by Jane?], 1 pair of linen sheets, 1 pair of other sheets, 1 pair of sheets, 1 other pair, 5 pairs of harden sheets, 3 pillowcases, 2 diaper towels, 1 table cloth, 1 cupboard cloth, 1 dozen of diaper napkins, 1 dozen of other napkins, 4 pairs of coarse sheets, 3 cupboard cloths, 1 pair of fustian blankets, 1 covering to a bed, 1 coverlet of dornex, 1 other old plaid, 1 featherbed, 6 cushions, 56 ounces of plate, 1 gold ring, 4 blankets, 2 mattresses, 2 bolsters, 1 bedstead of fir, 2 forms, j feaggan, j little aquavit bottle, 1 brass orter [dish], 1 pottle pot, 3 quart pots and a pint pot, 1 charger, 2 platters, 1 passon, a press-cupboard of wainscot, 1 bedstead with a trundle bed, 1 mattress, 1 straw bed and bolster and 4 pillows, 1 covering of frieze rug, 1 counter and a form, 1 iron chimney.

[Second floor?] 1  bed of red and green saye, 1 great brass basin, 1 chest banded with iron, 7 platters, 4 dishes, 1 basin, 4 saucers, 2 dozen of trenchers, 1 basin and ewer, 1 colander, 1 pottle pot and 2 quart pots, 3 candlesticks, 1 sheeps’ colour cloak, 1 blanket and 1 pillow, 1 lute, 1 table in the study, 1 joined stool, 1 iron crow, 1 boull of corn, 1 piece of a caple, 1 iron chimney.

[Hall?] 1 chair, 5 candlesticks, 4 dishes, one joinered long table with a form and 6 stools, 3 brass pots, 1 copper pan, old tubs and trintillments, 1 long chest, 1 bedstead with the furniture, 2 spits and crooks, 1 pair of tongs and a poker, 1 half barrel of salmon, 1 latten [wooden] candlestick, 1 frying pan, 2 little brass pans, 1 long table between the doors, other old tubs.

1574: ‘Charles Heslop m. Jane Rugg’ (Berwick-upon-Tweed Marriage Resister)

1577 rental

TNA, SC/12/32/14

In Marygate south side: Henry Rugg – vi d.

1584 Charles and Jane transferred the property to Tobias, her eldest son (BRO B6/1)

1589, Toby ensures that the house is improved by leasing it to his brother Henry, ‘now servant of Dame Thomasina Brown… ‘ on the condition that within two years he will ‘build and re-edify all the long backhouse containing about forty and four feet in length, parcel of the aforesaid burgage or tenement, extending along the courting from the fore house unto the stable in manner and form hereafter expressed that is to say to build and reedify the walls of the aforesaid house of the length aforesaid in good, sufficient and substantial order  according to the sort and proportion of that parcel of wall already standing builded upon the said ground adjoining to the forehouse and of such good and convenient height as there may be made two good upper chambers and a fair garret above together with also two stone chimneys to be raised up together within one gable with beckettes, cans and tops of stone as the order of building in the town now is, whereof one for the kitchen with an oven in the same kitchen and the other chimney for one of the aforesaid two chambers and the same two chambers to be made with one fair transom window of five lights to be set in each of the two chambers and dormants [in this context, joists] of oaken timber for the uppermost lofting of both the same chambers of seven inches, seven and a half and eight inches deep or thereabouts and five inches broad and two foot between every dormant and the same two chambers to be lofted and made in form aforesaid and lastly boarded and rebated with good fir deals shall be well and sufficiently sealed as above said. And for the under lofting of the same house to use and lay in fair dormants of fir about six or seven inches thick and lastly boarded and rebated with good fir deals , and the said two chambers and the kitchen to be well and orderly cast with lime, viz., white limed and the uppermost garret of the said house to be well plastered up to the window beams which garret window and all the couples for service of the same house to be good strong and sufficient couples able for such a roof and to be set up seven foot asunder or thereabouts between every couple all along the same roof. And one cross stone wall to be made and brought up in the cellar at the end of the same cellar next the kitchen about seven or eight foot height. And the same cellar and kitchen to be paved and flagged with stone in very good sort and to make such means as the same cellars of the said tenement may be kept dry from under water. And also the same house to be well timbered, fir-sparred, wattled, thatched, repaired and furnished with windows, doors or portals, locks, keys, partitions and other necessary furnishings thereunto reasonably appertaining. (ZMD 94/30)

1592; Toby Rugg leases it to Michael Sanderson and Hugh Gregson, but apparently the cellar is prone to flooding since ‘if any underwater happen to break out in any of the two cellars of the said messuage within demised during the continuance of this lease that the pipes for conveyance of the said water shall and are to be scoured and maintained by and at the charge of the within named Toby Rugg his heirs executors and assignees. (ZMD 94/32)

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About the author 

Catherine Kent

Dr Catherine Kent has a background in architecture and enjoys unpicking the history of buildings and landscapes. She is an Honorary Fellow in the Department of History at Durham University.